B. Progress and Accomplishments
Fifty-five grants were made under this program with the FY 1984 appropria-
tion. Grants were made to 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto
Rico, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands.
This is the first year of operation under the amended legislation. The
new legislation changed the age range of students served from three through
five years of age to birth through five years of age.
C. Costs,Benefits, and Effectiveness
Students Served; During the 1984-85 school year, 243,000 children are
receiving services under the Incentive Grants program at a cost of $108
Program Scope; During the program1s first year of operation, fewer than
half of the State education agencies chose to participate; since then
participation has grown. Currently 55 of 57 eligible agencies are partic-
ipating. Also, since the first year of the program, funds available have
grown from $12,500,000 to $26,330,000.
Program Services; Preschool Incentive Grant funds are used in numerous
ways, depending on State needs. These funds were used last year for direct
services to preschool handicapped children, to develop collaborative in-
teragency agreements, to create statewide networks of technical assistance
centers, to provide comprehensive diagnostic assessments, for parent train-
Ing and counseling programs, for inservice training of administrative and
ancillary personnel, and to provide partial support for development of
instructional television programs for teachers and support staff.
ProgIPam Effectlyeness: The number of handicapped children, ages three
through five, recelving services increased from approximately 196,000 in
1977 to 243,000 as reported in the June 25, 1984 child count (E.I). Despite
this progress, a considerable number of eligible handicapped preschool
children could not find appropriate services due in part to varying State
mandates. Currently 42 States mandate services to at least some portion
of handicapped children five years and below. Department staff expect that
the broadened definition of eligible children (birth through 5 years)
will increase the number of children served.
Effectiveness of Services: No data are available.
D. PIans for Program Improvement and Recommendat1ons for Legi siation
E. Supporting Studies and Analyses Cited in Section C Above
1. Sixth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of P.L. 94-142:
The Education for All Handicapped Children Act, January 1984. 653,082